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托福评分标准

时间:2016-05-27 11:40:49 作者: 点击数:

托福听力评分标准:

                                             

新托福听力一共是6篇文章,34道题,在6篇文章中所有回答正确的题目数量加起来就是你的“total points”。在一道表格题中,所有的项目都要回答正确,你才算是拿到了point。在双项选择题中,只有把两个正确答案都选出来才算拿到了point,少选、多选或者误选都不行。

需要注意的是:

在新托福听力评分标准表中我们可以看到,新托福听力部分,大部分正确答案的分值是1分,有些问题的分值可能是2分。

1.当问题的分值是1分时,所有的项目都要回答正确,这一题才算是拿到了全部分值。

2.当问题的分值是2分时,比如,四选三的题目,必须全部答对才能得到所有分值;选对2个,可得到1个分值。

3.新托福听力以单选题为主,复选题和表格题为辅。

一般考生考完试之后,答案以及录音均会提交至ETS进行下一步的打分和评判。

托福口语评分标准:

1. 每道口语题会被一位考官给一个原始分(0-4 之间的整数分)

2. 一个考生的六道口语题,至少会被三个不同的考官评分。

3. 六道口语题的分数加在一起(0-24),取算数平均值(0-4分之间,但会出现小数点后0/.83/.66/.50/.33/.16 六种不同情况)

4. 该平均值,根据下面这张转换表,转换为0-30分的总分。

Speaking Rubric

Mean Average

Scaled Score

4

30

3.83

29

3.66

28

3.5

27

3.33

26

3.16

24

3

23

2.83

22

2.66

20

2.5

19

2.33

18

2.16

17

2

15

1.83

14

1.66

13

1.5

11

1.33

10

1.16

9

1

8

0.83

6

0.66

5

0.5

4

0.33

3

0.16

2

0

1

其中,大家的成绩单上还会根据不同题型,按照Familiar TopicsCampus SituationsAcademic Course Content三个部分对大家进行评价,均是通过每道题目的分数,根据算术平均数的计算结果,结果分为4个标准,每个标准对应的分数如下:

Good3.5-4.0

Fair2.5-3.0

Limited1.5-2.0

Weak0-1.0

 

 

托福阅读评分标准:

托福阅读总共有3篇文章如遇到加试,则随机3篇文章算分,另1篇文章不算分。每篇文章700个字,对应14道题目。其中,13道题是基础信息和推断题,每道题1分。最后一道题是小结题,俗称大题,满分2分。大题一般情况下是633个选项错一个扣一分,扣完为止,即在答题中错23个选项,这个题目不得分。因此,每篇文章对应14个题目,共15分。

托福阅读部分整体42道题,对应原始分数满分45分。将会给出原始分数与最终分数的对应。托福阅读满分为4245分不等,转换为标准分后满分为30分。对于托福阅读评分标准我们展现给大家一个表格进行详细的了解下吧。

在此分数对应表格中,需要特别注意的是25分和20分的最终分数。托福阅读评分标准大家还需要注意的是0分的最终分数,对应的9分以下的原始分数。在传统考试中,如果不看题目,直接,可能会得到一定的分数。

 

托福写作评分标准:

托福独立写作旨在考察考生是否有效回应题目,阐明文章主题,文章逻辑是否条理清楚及能否充分展开论证;内容是否连贯一致以及考生遣词造句的能力。

托福综合写作的考察在于总结归纳和改写两个方面,总结归纳的能力是说考察方希望考生能够在规定的时间内掌握一定长度和一定难度的阅读和听力材料中所涉及到的重点信息和论证结构;改写能力则要求考生将两部分材料中的重点信息和论证方式用新的语言和结构系统的进行展示和归纳。

托福独立写作评分标准(Independent Wring Rubrics)

1.托福独立写作得5分情况

An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following:

●Effectively addresses the topic and task

●Is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and/or details

●Displays unity, progression, and coherence

●Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors

2.托福独立写作得4分情况

An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following:

●Addresses the topic and task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated

●Is generally well organized and well developed, using appropriate and sufficient explanations, exemplifications, and/or details

●Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though it may contain occasional redundancy, digression, or unclear connections

●Displays facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety and range of vocabulary, though it will probably have occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idiomatic language that do not interfere with meaning

3.托福独立写作得3分情况

An essay at this level is marked by one or more of the following:

●Addresses the topic and task using somewhat developed explanations, exemplifications, and/or details

●Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though connection of ideas may be occasionally obscured

●May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning

●May display accurate, but limited range of syntactic structures and vocabulary

4.托福独立写作得2分情况

An essay at this level may reveal one or more of the following weaknesses:

● Limited development in response to the topic and task

●Inadequate organization or connection of ideas

●Inappropriate or insufficient exemplifications, explanations, or details to support or illustrate generalizations in response to the task

●A noticeably inappropriate choice of words or word forms

●An accumulation of errors in sentence structure and/or usage

5.托福独立写作得1分情况

An essay at this level is seriously flawed by one or more of the following weaknesses:

●Serious disorganization or underdevelopment

●Little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics, or questionable responsiveness to the task

●Serious and frequent errors in sentence structure or usage

6.托福独立写作得0分情况

An essay at this level merely copies words from the topic, rejects the topic, or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language, consists of keystroke characters, or is blank.

托福综合写作评分标准(Integrated Wring Rubrics)

1.托福综合写作得5分情况

A response at this level successfully selects the important information from the lecture and coherently and accurately presents this information in relation to the relevant information presented in the reading. The response is well organized, and occasional language errors that are present do not result in inaccurate or imprecise presentation of content or connections.

2.托福综合写作得4分情况

A response at this level is generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and in coherently and accurately presenting this information in relation to the relevant information in the reading, but it may have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of some content from the lecture or in connection to points made in the reading. A response is also scored at this level if it has more frequent or noticeable minor language errors, as long as such usage and grammatical structures do not result in anything more than an occasional lapse of clarity or in the connection of ideas.

3.托福综合写作得3分情况

A response at this level contains some important information from the lecture and conveys some relevant connection to the reading, but it is marked by one or more of the following: ◾

●Although the overall response is definitely oriented to the task, it conveys only vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise connection of the points made in the lecture to points made in the reading.

●The response may omit one major key point made in the lecture.

●Some key points made in the lecture or the reading, or connections between the two, may be incomplete, inaccurate, or imprecise.

●Errors of usage and/or grammar may be more frequent or may result in noticeably vague expressions or obscured meanings in conveying ideas and connections.

4.托福综合写作得2分情况

A response at this level contains some relevant information from the lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas from the lecture or in the connections between the lecture and the reading; a response at this level is marked by one or more of the following:

●The response significantly misrepresents or completely omits the overall connection between the lecture and the reading.

●The response significantly omits or significantly misrepresents important points made in the lecture.

●The response contains language errors or expressions that largely obscure connections or meaning at key junctures or that would likely obscure understanding of key ideas for a reader not already familiar with the reading and the lecture.

5.托福综合写作得1分情况

A response at this level is marked by one or more of the following:

●The response provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture.

●The language level of the response is so low that it is difficult to derive meaning.

6.托福综合写作得0分情况

A response at this level merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language, consists of keystroke characters, or is blank.

An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following:

1. Effectively addresses the topic and task

2. Is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and/or details

3. Displays unity, progression, and coherence

4. Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors.

标准解读:

要点1: addresses the topic

在托福写作中,考生所表达的观点要和题目要求相关、一致。另外,考生所提供的例证也要切题,只有这样的例子才有说服力。

要点2: well organized & well developed

托福满分作文的行文组织要系统,有逻辑性。 考生在提出论点之后,必须寻找相关的例证来支持和充实自己的论点。 需要强调的是,在托福考试中考生虽然可以发散地进行说理和寻找例证,但若是将自己所举的例证进行一定加工,按照由主到次、让步转折等顺序进行排列,则能更好显示出各个例证之间的逻辑关系,让举例或是说理论证的过程更有层次性。这样的文章才称得上well-organized and well-developed.

要点3: explanations, exemplifications and details

在托福写作中,考生提出观点之后必须要发散式地进行举例或是说理论证。具体包括解释原因,举例说明以及提供其它的细节信息。

要点4: unity, progression, and coherence

托福满分作文通篇要做到:

1. 论点集中(unity)--所有的论据都指向论点;

2. 逻辑通畅(progression and coherence)--不同段落之间要连接紧密、衔接过渡自然并层层推进。

想要做到以上几点,考生需要合理地谋篇布局、进行最优化的段落分配并恰当地使用逻辑连接词。

要点5: variety

用词用句的多样性和变化性能有效地体现语言的丰富性以及使用技巧。

要点6: appropriate word choice and idiomaticity

托福写作要求考生根据语境选择恰当的用词。在托福写作中,考生不需要哗众取宠的用大词、难词来显示词汇量。 真正的高手是用简单但精确的词语来阐述深刻的道理。

要点7: minor errors

托福作文允许有错误存在。most一词表明一篇满分文章需要避免绝大部分的语法、用词错误。 同时这也表明个别的语法错误、用词不当以及诸如拼写,标点符号和大小写等错误不影响一篇文章得满分。 对于托福写作来说,更重要的是文章的要点明确、逻辑通畅,语言的整体高水平。

 


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